Studies about Argentine comic develop since the sixties of the last century thanks to the comic adventure and action of Salgarian matrix, graphically characterized by the cinematic style of illustrators and designers of the Escuela Panamericana de Arte. Arrived in Argentina in the late forties, thanks to the initiatives of the Editorial Abril of Cesare Civita, a large group of young writers from South America and Europe gave birth to a real school, which refers to Alberto Breccia.
Uruguayan from Montevideo, he began working as a cartoonist almost at twenty years old in 1938, for passion, working with various magazines in Buenos Aires. Talented designer, in a few years gradually moved away from the schemas of Burne Hogarth and Alex Raymond pursuing the path of experimentation and graphic narrative.
In 1958 he began a long collaboration with the writer Héctor Germán Oesterheld and the subsequent publication of Sherlock Time, one of the most important comics of his career, the time detective came from space comic made of drawings by pen and brush, paginated in a surprising way. In 1962 is published Mort Cinder with stories of a mysterious character that stuck out of his world, tells to Ezra Winston – an old antique dealer in which the author portrays himself – his countless lives lived through millennia, comic masterfully realized with rich patches of china and white lead, stretches of nib and wide expanses of brush. In 1968 they publish Life of Che, troublesome work that in homeland was confiscated and burned, graphically characterized by the density of dark and gloomy inks. In 1969, they work in El Eternauta, new version of the 1957 eponymous comic drawn by Solano Lopez proposed with a more mature, introspective cut, full of references to dictatorial regime and the world of politics. In 1973 he realizes a reduction in comics of The Cthulhu Mythos of HP Lovecraft with a style of drawing almost impalpable and indefinite, the precursor of the works carried out on the gothic-horror stories of E. A. Poe. In 1974 he began working with Carlos Trillo from which arise works like Un Tal Daneri, Nadiem, Buscavidas and Who’s Afraid of fairy tales, the latest are grotesque adaptations dramatized with a black and fierce humor.
Its narrative uniqueness and exuberant executive ability have marked the limits of narrative in comics making Alberto Breccia benchmark of many authors and artists. His last work is a translation of a comic tale by Ernesto Sabato, Report on the blind, a visionary and atrocious story told with collage and ink using a difficult and slow black and white. Twilight. He died in Buenos Aires on November 10th, 1993.